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Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

4 edition of Reductionism and cultural being found in the catalog.

Reductionism and cultural being

a philosophical critique of sociobiological reductionism and physicalist scientific unificationism

by Joseph Wayne Smith

  • 162 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by M. Nijhoff, Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Kluwer Boston in The Hague, Boston, Hingham, MA, USA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sociology -- Philosophy.,
  • Sociobiology -- Philosophy.,
  • Reductionism.,
  • Science -- Philosophy.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJoseph Wayne Smith.
    SeriesNijhoff international philosophy series ;, 14, Nijhoff international philosophy series ;, v. 14.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHM24 .S5393 1984
    The Physical Object
    Pagination387 p. ;
    Number of Pages387
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3176951M
    ISBN 109024728843
    LC Control Number83019399

    Reductionism Topic summary contributed by volunteer(s): Sharon Nutritional reductionism refers to a focus on individual food compounds (e.g., protein, vitamins, antioxidants) as opposed to a holistic approach that focuses on food habits and the relationship between diet and health. Thus, the mind is connected to the physical well-being of the body. This is a practice highlighted in Joshua Freeman’s definition of holism as using a “biopsychosocial” approach1(). From a patients’ standpoint, this is a much deeper, involved method than simply prescribing a remedy.

    reductionism definition: 1. the practice of considering or presenting something complicated in a simple way, especially a. Learn more. The humanities are about interpreting and synthesizing on a more holistic level without the scientism and reductionism that accompanies these problems. Elections are about policies, philosophy, ethics and culture. Health is about well-being, a concept that is variably defined by the individual patient.

    There are various scientific approaches to agricultural sustainability. Research can be holistic, reductionistic, statistical, or systematic. Philosophical beliefs often guide the choice. Each. Secondly, the book presents reductionism in brain science as a focus on specific cells, processes, regions, or pathways in order to produce a precise, convincing and reproducible result, but presents reductionism in visual art as a focus on elements such as line, form, and color in order to free viewers to create their own s:


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Reductionism and cultural being by Joseph Wayne Smith Download PDF EPUB FB2

Reductionism and Cultural Being A Philosophical Critique of Sociobiological Reductionism and Physicalist Scientific Unificationism. Authors; Joseph Wayne Smith; Book.

3 Citations; Downloads; Part of the Nijhoff International Philosophy Series book series Reductionism and cultural being book, volume 14) Log in to check access. Buy eBook. USD Instant download. Reductionism and Cultural Being: A Philosophical Critique of Sociobiological Reductionism and Physicalist Scientific Unificationism (Nijhoff International Philosophy Series) Hardcover – Decem by J.W.

Smith (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Cited by: 5. Reductionism and cultural being: Beings, agents, mentalities, persons and societies in the universe. Reductionism and Cultural Being Book Subtitle A Philosophical Critique of Sociobiological Reductionism and Physicalist Scientific.

Buy a cheap copy of Reductionism and Cultural Being: A book by Joseph Wayne Smith. Free shipping over $Cited by: 5. Get this from a library. Reductionism and Cultural Being: a Philosophical Critique of Sociobiological Reductionism and Physicalist Scientific Unificationism.

[Joseph Wayne Smith]. This book can be found in: Spirituality & Beliefs > Philosophy > Social & political philosophy zoom Reductionism and Cultural Being: A Philosophical Critique of Sociobiological Reductionism and Physicalist Scientific Unificationism - Nijhoff International Philosophy Series 14 (Hardback).

Buy Reductionism and Cultural Being: A Philosophical Critique of Sociobiological Reductionism and Physicalist Scientific Unificationism (Nijhoff International Philosophy Series) Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. by Smith, J. (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.

Reductionism in psychology is often linked with the mind-body problem. This paper reviews the reductionism debate and concludes that many of its controversies can indeed be. A theoretical approach that aims to explain all social or cultural phenomena in biological terms, denying them any causal autonomy.

Twentieth-century incarnations of biological reductionism have relied to varying degrees on Darwin's theory of evolution and principles of natural selection. Within the human sciences, there have been attempts to explain observed differences in group.

This paper provides a media analysis of three interrelated sets of newspaper articles dealing with youth, schooling and violence.

Understanding the media as a dominant and powerful cultural text that creates the realities it describes, the paper takes a critical view of the ‘standpoint’ of recent media representations of the Cronulla (Sydney, Australia) riots, gang.

Reductionism and cultural being: a philosophical critique of sociobiological reductionism and physicalist scientific unificationism. [Joseph Wayne Smith] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search Book\/a>, schema:CreativeWork\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n library.

Reductionism is the belief that human behaviour can be explained by breaking it down into simpler component parts.

Those who take a reductionist position believe that the best way to understand behaviour is to look closely at the parts that make up our systems, and then use the simplest explanations to understand how they work. Reductionism is based on the scientific.

Reductionism as Philosophy Reductionism is a philosophical tenet which states that by analyzing a system to its ultimate component parts, we will be able to unravel it at deeper and deeper levels. It is the process of reducing any feature of the perceived world to its final elements with the hope of exposing all the secrets about the phenomenon.

A book could be reductively explained as “nothing but” a series of ink marks on paper. cultural mythology, In an even higher sense, the biblical concept of the Trinity conflicts with reductionism: God’s existence as one Being in three Persons defies a reductionist explanation of parts and wholes.

The behaviorist approach uses a very reductionist vocabulary: stimulus, response, reinforcement, and punishment. These concepts alone are used to explain all behavior. This is called environmental reductionism because it explains behavior in terms of simple environmental factors.

behaviorists reduce the concept of the mind to behavioral components, i.e., stimulus. class reductionism, for example, could be viewed as a form of horizontal reduction, ignoring influences such as those of gender and ethnicity, but which perhaps exist on the same level as class, or alternatively, as reducing things which are emergent from class, as reducible to it.

Reductionism and holism are two different approaches in psychology that researchers use to create experiments and draw conclusions. Reductionism likes to divide explanations of behaviour into separate components, whilst holism likes to look at the picture as a whole.

Both have disadvantages and advantages that will be evaluated in this article. Introduction to reductionism as a technique in psychological research. Reductionism can be undesirable if it ignores variables that may be contributing to the subject being theorised.

For example, to say that a mental disorder such as schizophrenia is caused by environmental factors, without acknowledging hereditary correlations. Definitions. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy suggests that reductionism is "one of the most used and abused terms in the philosophical lexicon" and suggests a three part division.

Ontological reductionism: a belief that the whole of reality consists of a minimal number of parts.; Methodological reductionism: the scientific attempt to provide explanation in terms of ever. The origin of Reductionism dates back to the s when Descartes and Newton used Aristotle’s Laws of Thought to explain their theories.

In contrast, Holism as a term was first used by South African statesman Jan Smuts, inin his book ‘Holism and Evolution’. Define reductionism. reductionism synonyms, reductionism pronunciation, reductionism translation, English dictionary definition of reductionism.

An eminent scholar and author of several books on philosophy and Marxism, the Aristotelian teleological view of the behaviour of entities as being goal-directed; and (3) relational. "The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction – over the next 15 years aims to achieve 'the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries’.Reductionism is defined here as a broad term, as there are numerous types.

Reductionism originated in philosophy and the works of Francis Bacon (–) and René Descartes (–) among numerous others.